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A Teoria Crítica da Escola de Frankfurt e a persistência do populismo autoritário nos Estados Unidos

John Abromeit

Resumo


A primeira parte deste artigo fornece um breve resumo dos estudos sobre o autoritarismo e o populismo de direita dos Teóricos Críticos. A segunda parte analisa a emergência do Tea Party e o sucesso de Donald Trump em expandir e intensificar este movimento populista de direita ao atrelá-lo à sua liderança autoritária. Com base nos recursos conceituais expostos na primeira seção, pretendo demonstrar na segunda seção como as análises do populismo de direita e do autoritarismo dos Teóricos Críticos ainda podem explicar aspectos chave do Tea Party e de Trump. Ao longo deste artigo, a Teoria Crítica e o populismo de direita são situados em dois níveis de periodização histórica: o primeiro é a época burguesa moderna como um todo e o segundo se refere a períodos específicos desta época. O objetivo desta última periodização é esclarecer as condições históricas e sociais específicas que inibiram ou favoreceram o surgimento do populismo de direita e dos movimentos autoritários.

 


Palavras-chave


Teoria Crítica; populismo de direita; autoritarismo; Escola de Frankfurt.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.2318-9800.v22i1p13-38

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