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Prevalence and factors associated with low lumbar strength in adolescents

Eliane Cristina de Andrade Gonçalves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva

Resumo


Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência e fatores associados a baixos níveis de força lombar em adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos de idade.

Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com 909 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos, estudantes de escolas públicas da cidade de São José, Santa Catarina – Brasil. Analisou-se a força lombar por meio do teste de extensão lombar proposto pela Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness and Lifestyle Approach (CPAFLA) que propõe pontos de corte distintos para os sexos. As variáveis independentes analisadas foram: sexo, idade, nível econômico, tempo de tela, atividade física, aptidão aeróbia e Indíce de Massa corporal. Para a análise dos dados utilizou-se a regressão logística binária com nível de significância de 5%.

Resultados: A prevalência de baixos níveis de força lombar foi de 45,2%, sendo 36,2% para os meninos e 53,1% para as meninas. Os subgrupos populacionais com maiores chances de baixos níveis de força lombar foram o sexo feminino (OR: 1,99; IC95%: 1,52-2,60) e adolescentes com excesso de peso (OR: 1,48; IC95%: 1,12-1,96).

Conclusão: Quase metade dos estudantes apresentaram baixos níveis de força lombar. As meninas e os adolescentes com excesso de peso estiveram mais propícios a ter baixos níveis de força lombar.


Palavras-chave


Motor activity; physical fitness; low back pain; adolescent health; spine; pain.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.112680

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