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Factors Associated with Excess Weight in a Sample Population of School Adolescents

Edson dos Santos Farias, Josivana Pontes dos Santos, Maísa Maia Soares, Katia Fernanda Alves Moreira, Ivanice Fernandes Barcellos Gemelli, Luis Gonzaga de Oliveira Gonçalves, Orivaldo Florêncio de Souza

Resumo


Introduction: Overweight has been reported as a public health problem. Consequently, this suggests epidemiological studies for nutritional surveillance.

Objective:  To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with overweight among high school students in Capital of the Brazilian Western Amazon.

Methods: cross-sectional study of 2694 adolescents from public and private schools. They collected demographic, socioeconomic and sedentary behavior through self-responded questionnaire. Overweight rating followed the recommendations of the World Health Organization (2007). The prevalence rates were calculated, odds ratio and their confidence intervals were calculated at 95%. They identified the factors associated with excess weight by multiple binary logistic regression.

Results: The overall prevalence of overweight was 24.2% and 26.3% for males and 22.4% for females. After adjustment factors associated with overweight were economic class A / B (OR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.45), private school type (OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1,02-1.46) and poor health perception (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.58). It was concluded that excess weight showed high prevalence in economy class adolescents and B and private schools in Porto Velho, RO, Brazil.

Conclusion: Therefore, the practice of physical activity associated with a diet should be encouraged, in addition to reducing sedentary behavior, to prevent the development of overweight and obesity.


Palavras-chave


Students; Adolescents; Overweight; Physical activity

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.123186

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